The Importance of Food Safety and Hygiene Essay
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The issue of food safety is a universal concern. This is because everyone has to consume food. Food scares have been numerous in the United States in the past twenty years. This fact has motivated producers and consumers alike to take an active role in the safe and quality production of their food. This is a requirement for all people across the nation as well as the globe to be concerned about to be healthy and enjoy the food they must consume.
The United States of America has one of the cheapest, most abundant, and safest food supplies throughout the entire world. Consumers have driven our agricultural sector to be one of the most powerful in the world. If producers cannot ensure food safety for consumers, the people who trust…show more content…
Farmers are well aware that without consumers, their business and profit-making abilities would be completely tarnished and virtually worthless. Production agriculture has many protocols in place they use to ensure the safety of the food supply in which they produce. Most animal operations have a vet on staff to ensure the health and well-being of each and every animal on the property. If a licensed vet is not present, every time a farm hand goes to feed or water his or her animals, he or she is looking at each animal to make certain that it is in top condition. Farmers care about their animals for many reasons, even if it is only for their money-making abilities, farmers and agriculturists must keep their animals and crops in as best condition as possible. Any impairment in the safety or quality of the product also impairs the farmer’s ability to produce a profit. The reason farmers spray pesticides and fungicides is for the crop’s best interest. These things help the crop grow and thrive as well as having less competition to contend with over resources such as nutrients and water. Obviously there will be hiccups or mistakes in every operation. There have been several instances where food safety is linked back to the farm at which the product in question originated. According to Managing food safety and hygiene (2011) most food safety issues can be traced back to low-key failures such as food handlers not washing their hands or
A healthy diet is the basis for a well-functioning body. Food is the source of energy for all of our bodily functions and directly affects how our bodies and minds function in every stage of life. There are a variety of reasons why a healthy diet is important, including disease prevention, maintenance of a healthy weight and quality of life.
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Calories are the unit of measure for stored energy in food. The energy provided by food calories is needed for every function of the body, including thought, physical activity, growth and healing. According to Medline Plus, foods containing an equal amount of calories and nutrients are ideal for a balanced diet.
Proteins, carbohydrates and fats are the building blocks of energy. After ingestion, carbohydrates are broken down into glucose, which provides raw energy that is either used immediately or stored in the muscles for later use. Complex carbohydrates like whole grains, vegetables and fruits provide a balance of calories and nutrients, whereas simple carbs such as sugar and white flour are high in calories and low in nutrients, making them a poor choice for energy production.
A healthy diet helps maintain an ideal body weight and prevent obesity. When eaten frequently, foods high in saturated fat, trans fat and sugar can lead to excess weight gain and obesity.
While calories are needed for energy, empty calories—those derived from foods with little nutritional value—can lead to weight gain. Eating foods with a balance of calories and nutrients can help provide the body with the fuel it needs to function while avoiding weight gain.
A poor diet has been directly linked with diseases such as diabetes, heart disease and certain types of cancer. Trans and saturated fats are known to cause atherosclerosis, which is a major risk factor for heart attack and stroke. Foods high in cholesterol can raise levels of LDL ("bad") cholesterol in the blood, which also contributes to the arterial damage seen in atherosclerosis.
According to the American Cancer Society, processed meats, fried meats and alcohol are associated with an increased risk for certain types of cancer, such as cancer of the colon or liver. Foods that contribute to obesity are also indirectly linked to cancer, since obesity increases the overall risk for developing cancer.
A healthy diet can lead to better overall performance of the mind and body. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, foods high in antioxidants can help promote generation of neurons into old age while improving the ability of existing brain cells to communicate with each other, resulting in improved cognitive functioning.
What's more, diet may play an important role in mood and mental health. According to the American Journal of Psychiatry, a healthy diet is associated with a lower incidence of depression, anxiety disorders and dysthymia than a typical "Western" diet high in sugar, processed foods and alcohol.
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