One-Paragraph Essay Template

Paragraphs & Topic Sentences

A paragraph is a series of sentences that are organized and coherent, and are all related to a single topic. Almost every piece of writing you do that is longer than a few sentences should be organized into paragraphs. This is because paragraphs show a reader where the subdivisions of an essay begin and end, and thus help the reader see the organization of the essay and grasp its main points.

Paragraphs can contain many different kinds of information. A paragraph could contain a series of brief examples or a single long illustration of a general point. It might describe a place, character, or process; narrate a series of events; compare or contrast two or more things; classify items into categories; or describe causes and effects. Regardless of the kind of information they contain, all paragraphs share certain characteristics. One of the most important of these is a topic sentence.

TOPIC SENTENCES

A well-organized paragraph supports or develops a single controlling idea, which is expressed in a sentence called the topic sentence. A topic sentence has several important functions: it substantiates or supports an essay’s thesis statement; it unifies the content of a paragraph and directs the order of the sentences; and it advises the reader of the subject to be discussed and how the paragraph will discuss it. Readers generally look to the first few sentences in a paragraph to determine the subject and perspective of the paragraph. That’s why it’s often best to put the topic sentence at the very beginning of the paragraph. In some cases, however, it’s more effective to place another sentence before the topic sentence—for example, a sentence linking the current paragraph to the previous one, or one providing background information.

Although most paragraphs should have a topic sentence, there are a few situations when a paragraph might not need a topic sentence. For example, you might be able to omit a topic sentence in a paragraph that narrates a series of events, if a paragraph continues developing an idea that you introduced (with a topic sentence) in the previous paragraph, or if all the sentences and details in a paragraph clearly refer—perhaps indirectly—to a main point. The vast majority of your paragraphs, however, should have a topic sentence.

PARAGRAPH STRUCTURE

Most paragraphs in an essay have a three-part structure—introduction, body, and conclusion. You can see this structure in paragraphs whether they are narrating, describing, comparing, contrasting, or analyzing information. Each part of the paragraph plays an important role in communicating your meaning to your reader.

Introduction: the first section of a paragraph; should include the topic sentence and any other sentences at the beginning of the paragraph that give background information or provide a transition.

Body: follows the introduction; discusses the controlling idea, using facts, arguments, analysis, examples, and other information.

Conclusion: the final section; summarizes the connections between the information discussed in the body of the paragraph and the paragraph’s controlling idea.

The following paragraph illustrates this pattern of organization. In this paragraph the topic sentence and concluding sentence (CAPITALIZED) both help the reader keep the paragraph’s main point in mind.

SCIENTISTS HAVE LEARNED TO SUPPLEMENT THE SENSE OF SIGHT IN NUMEROUS WAYS. In front of the tiny pupil of the eye they put, on Mount Palomar, a great monocle 200 inches in diameter, and with it see 2000 times farther into the depths of space. Or they look through a small pair of lenses arranged as a microscope into a drop of water or blood, and magnify by as much as 2000 diameters the living creatures there, many of which are among man’s most dangerous enemies. Or, if we want to see distant happenings on earth, they use some of the previously wasted electromagnetic waves to carry television images which they re-create as light by whipping tiny crystals on a screen with electrons in a vacuum. Or they can bring happenings of long ago and far away as colored motion pictures, by arranging silver atoms and color-absorbing molecules to force light waves into the patterns of original reality. Or if we want to see into the center of a steel casting or the chest of an injured child, they send the information on a beam of penetrating short-wave X rays, and then convert it back into images we can see on a screen or photograph. THUS ALMOST EVERY TYPE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION YET DISCOVERED HAS BEEN USED TO EXTEND OUR SENSE OF SIGHT IN SOME WAY.

George Harrison, “Faith and the Scientist”

COHERENCE

In a coherent paragraph, each sentence relates clearly to the topic sentence or controlling idea, but there is more to coherence than this. If a paragraph is coherent, each sentence flows smoothly into the next without obvious shifts or jumps. A coherent paragraph also highlights the ties between old information and new information to make the structure of ideas or arguments clear to the reader.

Along with the smooth flow of sentences, a paragraph’s coherence may also be related to its length. If you have written a very long paragraph, one that fills a double-spaced typed page, for example, you should check it carefully to see if it should start a new paragraph where the original paragraph wanders from its controlling idea. On the other hand, if a paragraph is very short (only one or two sentences, perhaps), you may need to develop its controlling idea more thoroughly, or combine it with another paragraph.

A number of other techniques that you can use to establish coherence in paragraphs are described below.

Repeat key words or phrases. Particularly in paragraphs in which you define or identify an important idea or theory, be consistent in how you refer to it. This consistency and repetition will bind the paragraph together and help your reader understand your definition or description.

Create parallel structures. Parallel structures are created by constructing two or more phrases or sentences that have the same grammatical structure and use the same parts of speech. By creating parallel structures you make your sentences clearer and easier to read. In addition, repeating a pattern in a series of consecutive sentences helps your reader see the connections between ideas. In the paragraph above about scientists and the sense of sight, several sentences in the body of the paragraph have been constructed in a parallel way. The parallel structures (which have been emphasized) help the reader see that the paragraph is organized as a set of examples of a general statement.

Be consistent in point of view, verb tense, and number. Consistency in point of view, verb tense, and number is a subtle but important aspect of coherence. If you shift from the more personal "you" to the impersonal “one,” from past to present tense, or from “a man” to “they,” for example, you make your paragraph less coherent. Such inconsistencies can also confuse your reader and make your argument more difficult to follow.

Use transition words or phrases between sentences and between paragraphs. Transitional expressions emphasize the relationships between ideas, so they help readers follow your train of thought or see connections that they might otherwise miss or misunderstand. The following paragraph shows how carefully chosen transitions (CAPITALIZED) lead the reader smoothly from the introduction to the conclusion of the paragraph.

I don’t wish to deny that the flattened, minuscule head of the large-bodied "stegosaurus" houses little brain from our subjective, top-heavy perspective, BUT I do wish to assert that we should not expect more of the beast. FIRST OF ALL, large animals have relatively smaller brains than related, small animals. The correlation of brain size with body size among kindred animals (all reptiles, all mammals, FOR EXAMPLE) is remarkably regular. AS we move from small to large animals, from mice to elephants or small lizards to Komodo dragons, brain size increases, BUT not so fast as body size. IN OTHER WORDS, bodies grow faster than brains, AND large animals have low ratios of brain weight to body weight. IN FACT, brains grow only about two-thirds as fast as bodies. SINCE we have no reason to believe that large animals are consistently stupider than their smaller relatives, we must conclude that large animals require relatively less brain to do as well as smaller animals. IF we do not recognize this relationship, we are likely to underestimate the mental power of very large animals, dinosaurs in particular.

Stephen Jay Gould, “Were Dinosaurs Dumb?”

SOME USEFUL TRANSITIONS

(modified from Diana Hacker, A Writer’s Reference)

To show addition:
again, and, also, besides, equally important, first (second, etc.), further, furthermore, in addition, in the first place, moreover, next, too
To give examples:
for example, for instance, in fact, specifically, that is, to illustrate
To compare:
also, in the same manner, likewise, similarly
To contrast:
although, and yet, at the same time, but, despite, even though, however, in contrast, in spite of, nevertheless, on the contrary, on the other hand, still, though, yet
To summarize or conclude:
all in all, in conclusion, in other words, in short, in summary, on the whole, that is, therefore, to sum up
To show time:
after, afterward, as, as long as, as soon as, at last, before, during, earlier, finally, formerly, immediately, later, meanwhile, next, since, shortly, subsequently, then, thereafter, until, when, while
To show place or direction:
above, below, beyond, close, elsewhere, farther on, here, nearby, opposite, to the left (north, etc.)
To indicate logical relationship:
accordingly, as a result, because, consequently, for this reason, hence, if, otherwise, since, so, then, therefore, thus

Produced by Writing Tutorial Services, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN

Samuel

I was very afraid to use your company services because it was my first experience. I am very bad in writing and always suffer from failing grades. Please tell to my writer #5720 that she is the best! I will definitely ask to complete more orders for me. Your company is definitely worth considering for other students.

Brian, AZ

“I received the first part of the paper and it’s excellent. Can’t wait for the rest!”

Kim

I did not think that you can complete an order within a few hours. You sent me the paper exactly on time, without any delays, though I chose a very sophisticated and boring topic. You saved my life! I will definitely use your writing services in the future. I have read many reviews of your services and they indeed show how professionally you work.

Olivia

I used to purchase papers from different online writing services, but I didn't receive what I paid for. Every time, I got lame excuses that they would send me the paper a bit later or they were sorry for the plagiarized content. Then I decided to look further and found your writing service. Your writer managed to complete the paper timely. I really appreciated it.

Karen

I used to buy papers from other companies and every time I was more and more disappointed. Eventually, I found your company that made me happy! Even if I give a very short deadline, your writers still manage to send me the paper with interesting content. Thank you for support.

Elizabeth

I completely forgot about an essay in management. Our teacher is very strict and does not allow late submissions. I thought I would fail the task. But I found your website and purchased the paper. Believe it or not, your writer coped with my essay in 3 hours only! How is it possible? I do not know, but I got an A+!

Ronald

I could not write my paper because the topic was too complex. I did not even manage to find suitable materials. Your writer agreed to help and sent me a nice paper with impressive ideas. Thanks!

Alex

You helped me restore my reputation after I had failed some papers. Other students deserve to know that Essaywritingstore.com always does its best to help students succeed. I will surely place more orders. Your writing service is all that I needed in my student life.

George, UT

“Please let me have this writer every time I need a paper written.”

Lily

I did not know how to start writing my thesis proposal. Your writers carried out research and surprised my professor with incredible ideas. Good job.

Addison

I was almost expelled from my college because I could not attend classes and work on a pack of home assignments at the same time. Whenever I began writing one paper, I thought about other projects and could not focus on any. I was very happy to find your company, which is a real savior.

Andy, CO

“I really appreciate receiving such a perfect essay. I will be coming back for more! Thank you!”

Madison

This year was very difficult for me because I had to work part-time and take care of my sister. I bought almost every home assignment from your company and every time, you delivered high quality papers. As a result, I am among the best students in the class, and do not waste my time on boring writing. Thanks!

Michael

I used to spend days and weeks in the library, searching for appropriate sources for my essays and research papers. Being very tired, I decided to order an essay at Essaywritingstore.com and see what you offer. To my surprise, you sent me an excellent paper with great ideas. Now I will definitely order more papers from you.

Noah

I did not know if your company is real until I called your support team. Your company member explained what kind of services you offer and suggested placing the order. I asked to work on a dissertation section and pay attention to my remarks. Surprisingly, your writer managed to copy my writing style! Thanks a lot!

Elizabeth

I got my essay written in 6 hours! How is that possible? I used to spend days on one essay. My writer was very fast, but I did not manage to find any mistakes in the paper. Thanks and thanks!

Jessie

I can write papers myself, but formatting and grammar mistakes make me nervous. I sent my papers to you and your editors took care of those problems with ease.

Jeff

Your writers always send me papers on time. I have never achieved such good grades in my classes!

Harry, OK

“I’m very grateful you finished my paper on time. Your writers are professional and gave me much attention.”

Chloe

Having used a couple of writing services, I finally found your company. My classmate told that he orders most of home assignments at Essaywritingstore.com. I totally changed my attitude towards writing companies when you sent me my coursework. Your writer #7539 helped me a lot! I wish I had found your service long time ago!

Jill, KS

“I’m thankful for the support you gave me. Your service is the best!”

Karen, LA

“Please let my writer know I think he’s a genius.”

Ryan

My paper was so well written that I had nothing to add. I simply submitted the essay and got an A. Thanks for your work!

Camilla

I typed “writing company” and found too many results. I did not know which company can be trusted and decided to read students’ comments. Your company was among the most discussed in those reviews. Your competent and diligent writers sent me the paper on time. Supreme assistance and fair prices!

Steven

My best wishes to your writers! I am so thankful that I do not know even how to express my emotions. My teacher always gave me very low grades with comments that I am overlooking some instructions. Your writer #830 sent me a research paper and I got an A! I am more than pleased with your online services!

Liza, WY

“I have another assignment coming up and would like the same writer again. I love his work.”

Emery

I thought that I would never manage to complete my essay on time. There were only a couple of hours left and your company agreed to help. I only sent instructions and your writer did everything for me. I did not face late submission and got a good grade. Thanks!

Tess, IA

“Hi there, many thanks for the superb effort you put into my paper. Really appreciate it!”

Stacy

I was devastated when my teacher told me that a research paper takes 60% of the final grade. Failing the paper means failing the whole course. I was depressed because my previous assignments were graded rather lowly. Your company helped me solve the issue. Thank you so much for that! I handed in a good research paper and got a favorable feedback!

John

I forgot to leave my feedback the first time I placed the order. Now I am writing it to tell other students how helpful your writing services are. You are definitely the best writing company on the web because you have never let me down.

Leonard, IN

“There’s no doubt your writers are professional people. Thanks for the excellent work!”

Linda

I came across too many writing services and did not know which one to choose. I read some reviews, where students recommended your online writing service. I did not know if you can be trusted, but I decided to give you a try. As a result, I got a well-written paper.

James

Many thanks to your wonderful writers and supportive online representatives! You have helped me a lot! My assignments are always complex, but your writers always manage to meet my expectations. Your company helped me to pass many courses successfully and improve my reputation.

Emma

I thought that every company on the Internet is a scam, until I found Essaywritingstore.com. I was very desperate since I had failed a couple of papers before. I asked your writers to be very attentive to instructions and they exceeded all my expectations. I was surprised and astonished to see the paper, where every sentence was breathtaking.

Carter

I have already recommended your services to my close friend, who also cannot compose all essays simultaneously. Our teachers are very strict and they do not tolerate any instances of late submission. Luckily, I found your company and your experienced writers, who solved all my problems in academic writing! Excellent work!

Daren, CA

“I never expected to get such a good paper. I haven’t use a writing service like yours before, but you are good. Thanks.”

Daniel

My friend told me a secret. He orders all papers on your website and recommended to do the same for me. I was very shy and afraid that my teacher would find it out. Eventually, I decided to ask your writer complete a lab report and got superb results! It is exactly what I needed.

John

It is the first time I am writing my feedback on your service. I am very lucky to have your support. I forgot about a research paper and ordered it at night. You still found the writer, who quickly did all the work. Thank you!

Howard, HI

“You gave me a writer who is very knowledgeable in my discipline so I’m happy my paper was assigned to him. Your support staff is very efficient to. My grateful thanks to all!”

Deborah

I always thought that my teachers treat me unfairly because I spent much time on writing and got B or C for every assignment. I got tired and thought that hiring an online writer is a good solution. Thank you guys for amazing work done! Now I always get high grades.

Stacy

I always try to do all the homework on my own. However, I can't succeed in studying and always get very poor grades and negative feedback. I contacted you with a question if you could write an essay for me. You have good prices, I am always pleased with the quality and content of your papers.

Sophia

You completed my research paper very fast. I used your paper as the basis of my further research project. I am very thankful for your support and everything you have done for me!

James

I guess other students need to know that your company is very professional and efficient in terms of academic writing services. Your writers are definitely well-versed and skillful. I sent some assignments to your writers and have always received what I wanted.

Grace

Essaywritingstore.com sent me the paper of surprisingly high quality exactly the same date I mentioned in the order. My philosophy essay was great! Thanks!

Alondra

I am writing this review after I have made the 3rd order on your website. All papers were delivered on time. I did not have any recommendations or suggestions how to improve the paper because the content was great. Thank you so much.

Mike, PA

“I liked your style and clinical approach – thank you very much.”

Carlos

I was very shy to order any papers online and thought that every student should diligently do homework. But when I found out that most of my classmates get A grades only because they purchase papers online, I also decided to do it. It was the first time I got an A+!

Samuel

I found out that some of my classmates purchase papers from you and decided to give you a try. At that time, I had to work on a research essay. I registered on your website and placed an order. In a day, I got a notification that my paper was ready. You helped me pass this class! I am very happy to cooperate with professionals!

Dwain

I was constantly writing messages to my writer because I was very nervous about my research project. However, I got a perfect paper in the end. It is just what I wanted. Thanks!

Jessy, MT

“Was glad of the opportunity for revisions and that the writer took account of my ideas. Thanks a lot.”

Joshua

I spent a couple of weeks on the research proposal and did not manage to please professor’s demands, who provided a negative feedback on every submitted draft. I accidentally came across your online writing company and asked your writer to complete a part of the proposal. I submitted it and my professor really appreciated it.

Mia

I had to write an admission essay to get a grant in one of the local colleges. I thought it was impossible because my writing skills are very poor. I placed an order and got a perfect essay! Thanks!

Logan

I am very thankful to your writers who are very professional and punctual. They have never missed my deadline. I have dealt with a couple of writers and did not face any essays. You are seriously the best writing service!

Helen, VT

“I’m happy you followed my instructions so closely. I appreciate that a lot.”

Haydan

I was shocked to see my coursework! Your writer sent me a masterpiece. I cannot provide any other comments apart from appreciation of your work. Cooperation with you is remarkable and is definitely worth it!

Olivia

When you sent me the paper, I thought that some instructions were overlooked. I asked my writer to correct it and got a paper that fully met my demands. Sincerely.

Emma

I asked my writer to send a draft first. I got it and did not even ask to revise anything. In cases when I have little time or simply do not have any chance to submit a paper that follows teacher’s instructions, I always ask your writers to help and they have never let me down.

Jack

I purchased a couple of essays from two writing companies, who cheated and sent my fully plagiarized papers. They definitely do not offer “custom” writing. I found your company and read a couple of reviews. I placed a “trial” order to see if you would send me the paper at all. I was shocked to see such a well structured and well written paper!

Alexis

I did not think that online writing services actually help. I purchased a book review and your writer made my professor put an A. I was deeply impressed. I am so proud of you! You definitely represent the best writing service because your writers pay attention to the quality of writing. Wonderful service!

Ryan

I had a surgery and could not study for a long time. I missed many tests, exams, quizzes, and did not submit writing assignments on time. I thought I would fail every class, but then I found your website. I was wondering if you specialize in all subjects and your support team assured me that every single piece of writing can be completed by writers.

Aiden

For me, academic writing is the biggest obstacle on my way. I can pass all kinds of tests and exams. However, writing essays and other assignments is very time-consuming and daunting. I found a company that offers affordable prices for academic papers. Thank you for assisting me with all my home assignments. Your writers are genius!

Abraham, MO

“I thought I was taking a risk ordering a paper from your writing company. But it all turned out very nicely, thank you.”

Larry

I like to compose essays, but sometimes my part-time job makes me devastated and exhausted that I do not have time to sleep. My friend told me that students can purchase papers online. I was a bit afraid to do it, but your company sent me the best paper! Will surely order more papers because your prices are really cheap!

0 comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *